Fuel filtration

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Filter vessel internal

Filtration is the removal of solids from liquids or gasses by flowing the contaminated liquid or gas through a filter media that will retain the solids and will only let clean product pass through.

Fuels, both liquid and gas, are usually travelling through the system once and are consumed at the end of the line. Since the process stream carries new contamination on a continues basis the amount of solids to be removed can be much higher than in any hydraulic system. The requirements for cleanliness of fuels are part of the fuel specifications and these specifications are met using nominal filtration. (Hydraulic and lubricating oils, which are circulated again and again through the same equipment, require absolute filtration for the best performance of the equipment).

The purpose of the filtration is the protection of the system components further downstream in the system, such as injection pumps, injection nozzles and other engine parts. The contamination consists among others of sand, pipe scale and dust, and are originated from the production process, the transport and the storage.

If liquid fuels are contaminated with water, or gas fuels are contaminated with liquids, the fuel can be treated with a filter water separator or monitor. We refer to our page Separation of water from hydrocarbons.

Hydro-Carbon Filtration & Separation offers filters with sizes according to the widely accepted industrial standard of 6′ (152 mm) OD, 3.5′ (89 mm) ID and length in multiples of 11′ and 14.5′. The standardisation provides the possibility to install filters with different filtration ratings and different filtration mechanism. The filter range incorporates pleated paper filters (with large surface area), pleated fibreglass based paper (with large filter area and fine filtration) and depth type filters (with large solids holding capability).

  • Large surface area offers maximum contamination holding capacity. Depth type of filters over superior contamination holding capacity.
  • High flow rate, low initial pressure drop.
  • Micron rating from 75 micron down to 0.5 micron. Cartridges are dimensional interchangeable.
  • Cartridges to fit most popular industry filter vessels.

Applications in fuel filtration systems include – but are not limited to – jet fuel, kerosene, naphtha, diesel fuel, gas oil, gasoline, propylene, butane, propane, etc.


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